For a full list of media outputs, the 2021 CGR progress report is available here. Members of CGR highlighted in bold. Since mid 2021, new CGR research articles have been published under open access agreements so that the original journal articles should also be accessible through the publisher’s website.


Monica Hinch, Psyc 319 project infographic ‘Is your child gambling?  How loot boxes can lead to problem gambling’, 2023.

Lesch T, Clark L. Online gambling in British Columbia: a descriptive report on gambling participation on the platform. Report to the BC Government, Gaming Policy and Enforcement Branch (GPEB), 2017. download

Journal Publications

Murch WS, Ferrari MA, Clark L. Post-reinforcement pauses during slot machine gambling are moderated by immersion. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2024. doi: 10.1177/17470218241239054

Vieira JL, Kim HS, Clark L, Tabri N, Wohl MJA. This time with feeling: in-play sports betting as a vehicle for emotion regulation. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, in press.

Banerjee N, Chen Z, Clark L, Noel X. Behavioural expressions of loss-chasing in gambling: A systematic scoping review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2023, 153: 105377

Johnson S, Ironside M, Clark L, Michalak EE, Hsu M, Poh C. Behavioral indices of effort discounting are related to perseverance on a creativity task and to bipolar disorder. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, in press.

Mikus N, Eisenegger C, Mathys C, Clark L, Müller U, Robbins TW, Lamm C, Naef M. Blocking D2/D3 dopamine receptors in male participants increases volatility of beliefs when learning to trust others. Nature Communications 2023, 14: 4049

Eben C, Bothe B, Brevers D, Clark L, Grubbs JB, Heirene R, Kraplin A, Lewczuk K, Palmer L, Perales JC, Peters J, van Holst R, Billieux J. The landscape of open science in behavioral addiction research: Current practices and future directions. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, in press. Doi: 10.1556/2006.2023.00052.

Brooks GAClark L. The gamblers of the future? Migration from loot boxes to gambling in a longitudinal study of young adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 2023, 141: 107605. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2022.107605 download

Clark L & Zack M. Engineered highs: reward variability and frequency as potential prerequisites of behavioural addiction. Addictive Behaviors, 2023, 140: 107626. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2023.107626 download

Hales CA, Clark L, Winstanley CA. Computational approaches to modeling gambling behaviour: opportunities and challenges for understanding disordered gambling. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 2023, in press.

Forys BJ, Tomm RJ, Stamboliyska D, Terpstra AR, Clark L, Chakrabarty T, Floresco SB, Todd RM. Gender impacts the relationship between mood disorder symptoms and effortful avoidance performance. eNeuro 2023, 10(2), doi 10.1523/ENEURO.0239-22.2023.

Kaasinen V, Honkanen E, Lindholm K, Jaakkola E, Majuri J, Parkkola R, Noponen T, Vahlberg T, Voon V, Clark L, Joutsa J, Seppänen M. Serotonergic and dopaminergic control of impulsivity in gambling disorder. Addiction Biology 2023, 28(2): e13264. Doi: 10.1111/adb.13264

Marsden J, Brown J, Clark L, Cousijn J, Hall W, Hickman M, Holmes J, Humphreys K, Jackson SE, Peacock A, Tucker J. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on addictive disorders-an update. Addiction, 2022, 117(11):2762-2766. doi: 10.1111/add.16033.

Luquiens A, Guillou M, Giustiniani, Barrault S, Caillon J, Delmas H, Achab S, Bento B, Billieux J, Brody A, Brunault P, Challet-Bouju G, Chóliz M, Clark L, Cornil A, Costes J-M, Devos G, Díaz R, Estevez A, Grassi G, Hakansson A, Khazaal Y, King DL, Labrador F, Lopez-Gonzalez H, Newall P, Perales JC, Ribadier A, Sescousse G, Sharman S, Taquet P, Varescon I, von Hammerstein C, Bonjour T, Romo L, Grall-Bronnec M. Pictograms to aid laypeople in identifying the addictiveness of gambling products (PictoGRRed study). Scientific Reports 2022, 12(1): 22510. Doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-26963-9

Tabri N, Cheng T, Palmer L, Kim AH, Clark L, Wohl MJA. Testing the bifactor model of the Financially Focused Self-Concept Scale, Journal of Gambling Issues, 2022, 50: 177-184.

Clark L, Billieux J, Ledgerwood D. Introduction to the Special Issue “20 years of the Pathways Model: Understanding Disordered Gambling and Other Behavioural Addictions” International Gambling Studies, 2022, 22: 183-187. Doi: 10.1080/14459795.2022.2108484 download

Kim AJ, Murch WS, Limbrick-Oldfield EH, Ferrari MA, MacDonald KI, Fooken J, Cherkasova MV, Spering M, Clark L. Do pupillary responses during authentic slot machine use reflect arousal or screen luminance fluctuations? A proof-of-concept study. PlosOne, in press. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272070. Open access

Ferrari M, Limbrick-Oldfield EH, Clark L. Behavioral analysis of habit formation in modern slot machine gambling. International Gambling Studies, 2022, 22: 317-336. doi: 10.1080/14459795.2022.2088822 Open access

Brooks G & Clark L. Gambling along the schizotypy spectrum: The associations between schizotypal personality, gambling-related cognitions, and problem gambling. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2022, in press. doi: 10.1556/2006.2022.00021. Open access covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Sidloski B, Brooks G, Zhang K, Clark L. Exploring the association between loot boxes and problem gambling: are video gamers referring to loot boxes when they complete gambling screening tools? Addictive Behaviors, 2022, 107318. Doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107318  download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Billieux J, Bonnaire C, Bowden-Jones H, Clark L. Commentary on Nower et al: The Pathways Model should apply to non‐clinical gambling patterns. Addiction, 2022, 117: 2011-2012. Doi: 10.1111/add.15860

Palmer L, Cringle N, Clark L. A scoping review of experimental manipulations examining the impact of monetary format on gambling behaviour. International Gambling Studies, 2022, doi: 10.1080/14459795.2022.2041067 download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Arshad F, Clark L. Immersion in substance-related and behavioural addictions: neural systems and neurochemical substrates. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports 2022, 9, 1-10. DOI: 10.1007/s40473-021-00242-9 download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Limbrick-Oldfield EH, Chua C, Cringle N, Macdonald K, Ferrari MA, Zhang K, Clark L. Cashless gambling and the pain of paying: effects of monetary format on slot machine gambling. Addiction Research and Theory 2022, DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2021.2009465 download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Sinclair ES-LL, Clark, L. Netflix’s ‘Gambling, Explained’ and the evolving public perception of gambling. Critical Gambling Studies 2021, DOI:10.29173/cgs117 download

Tabri N, Xuereb S, Cringle N, Clark L. Associations between financial gambling motives, gambling frequency, and disordered gambling: A meta-analytic review. Addiction, 2022, 117(3): 559-569. download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Clark L, Wohl MJA. Langer’s Illusion of Control and the Cognitive Model of Disordered Gambling. Addiction, 2022, 117(4): 1146-1151. download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Abarbanel B, Avramidis D, Clark L, Johnson MR. Gambling live streams on Twitch: What are they and why do they matter? The Conversation, 15 Sept 2021.

Deng X, Lesch T, Clark L. Pareto Distributions in Online Casino Gambling: Sensitivity to Timeframe and Associations with Self Exclusion, Addictive Behaviors, in press. download

Murch WS & Clark L. Understanding the slot machine zone. Current Addiction Reports, 2021, 8: 214-224. doi: 10.1007/s40429-021-00371-x  download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Xuereb S, Kim AHS, Clark L, Wohl MJA. Substitution behaviors among people who gamble during COVID-19 precipitated casino closures. International Gambling Studies, 2021, 21: 411-425. DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2021.1903062 download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Limbrick-Oldfield E, Cherkasova MV, Kennedy D, Goshko CB, Griffin D, Barton JJS, Clark L. Gambling disorder is associated with reduced sensitivity to expected value during risky choice. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2020, doi:10.1556/2006.2020.00088. download

Szücs A, Szanto K, Adalbert J, Wright AGC, Clark L, Dombrovski AY. Status, rivalry and admiration-seeking  in  narcissism and depression: a behavioral study. PLoS ONE 15(12): e0243588. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0243588 download

Finkenwirth S*, Macdonald K*, Deng X, Lesch T, Clark L. Using machine learning to predict self-exclusion status in online gamblers on the platform in British Columbia. International Gambling Studies, 2021, 21: 220-237   download   covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Wu Y, Kennedy D, Goshko CB, Clark L. “Should’ve known better”: Counterfactual processing in disordered gambling. Addictive Behaviors, 2020, 106622. download

Hilbrecht M, Baxter D, Abbott M, Binde P, Clark L, Hodgins D, Manitowabi D, Quilty L, Spångberg J, Volberg R, Walker D, Williams R (2020) The Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling: A revised framework for understanding gambling harm [review]. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 9(2):190-205. doi: 10.1556/2006.2020.00024

Murch WS, Ferrari MA, McDonald BM, Clark L. Investigating flow state and cardiac pre-ejection period during Electronic Gaming Machine use. Frontiers in Psychology: Performance Science 2020, 11: 300. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00300. download

Murch WS, Limbrick-Oldfield EH, Ferrari MA, MacDonald KI, Fooken J, Cherkasova MV, Spering M, Clark L. Zoned in or zoned out? Investigating immersion in slot machine gambling using mobile eye tracking. Addiction, 2020, doi: 10.1111/add.14899 download covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Brooks G, Ferrari M, Clark L. Cognitive factors in gambling disorder, a behavioral addiction. In Verdejo-Garcia A (Editor), Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher’s Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions. Elsevier, 2020, pp 209-219.

Zack M, St George R, Clark L. Dopaminergic signalling of uncertainty and the aetiology of gambling addiction [review]. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 2020, 99: 109853, doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.109853 download

Zhang K, Clark L. Loss-chasing in gambling behaviour: neurocognitive and behavioural economic perspectives Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 2020, 31, 1-7. download

Devos G, Clark L, Bowden-Jones H, Grall-Bronnec M, Challet-Bouju G, Khazaal Y, Maurage P, Billieux J. The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: a cluster analytic approach. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2020, 260, 473-482. covered in Research Snapshot by GREO 

Limbrick-Oldfield E, Cocks R, Mick I, Bowden-Jones H, Lingford-Hughes A, Clark L. Impulsive choice and reward processing in the vulnerability to gambling disorder: a study of affected siblings. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2019,

Tobias-Webb J, Limbrick-Oldfield EH, Vearncombe S, Duka T, Clark L. The effects of alcohol on sequential decision-making biases during gambling. Psychopharmacology, 2020, 237, 395–407. download

Sharman S, Clark L, Roberts A, Michalczuk R, Cocks R, Bowden-Jones H (2019) Heterogeneity in disordered gambling: decision-making and impulsivity in gamblers grouped by preferred form. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10: 588.

Deng X, Lesch T, Clark L. Applying data science to behavioural analysis of online gambling. Current Addiction Reports 2019, in press. doi: 10.1007/s40429-019-00269-9 download

Brooks GA, Clark L. Associations between loot box use, problematic gaming and gambling, and gambling-related cognitions. Addictive Behaviors 2019, 96, 26-34. Doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.04.009 download

Kennedy D, Goshko C‐B, Murch WS, Limbrick‐Oldfield EH, Dunn BD, Clark L. Interoception and respiratory sinus arrhythmia in gambling disorder. Psychophysiology 2019; e13333.
Doi: 10.1111/psyp.13333. download

Murch WS & Clark L. Realistic simulations and nudging gambling policy [commentary]. Addiction 2019, 114: 125-6. Doi: 10.1111/add.14493 download

Zhang K, Clark L, Szanto K, Dombrovski AY. Behavioral empathy failures and suicidal behavior. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2018.10.019 download

Ferrari MA, Chan M, Brown PN, Clark L. Slot machine gambling and testosterone: Evidence for a ‘winner-loser’ effect? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2018, 32: 961-971. doi: 10.1037/adb0000425 download

Clark L, Boileau I, Zack M. Neuroimaging of reward mechanisms in Gambling Disorder: an integrative review. Molecular Psychiatry, 2019, 24, 674-693. Doi: 10.1038/s41380-018-0230-2

Murch WS, Clark L. Effects of bet size and multi-line play on immersion and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia during electronic gaming machine use. Addictive Behaviors, 2019, 88: 67-72. download

Tobias-Webb J, Griggs RL, Kaufman N, Clark L. Role reversal: the influence of slot machine gambling on subsequent alcohol consumption. Journal of Gambling Studies, 35, 321-337. Doi: 10.1007/s10899-018-9787-6 download

Ferland JN, Adams WK, Murch WS, Lei W, Clark L, Winstanley CA. Investigating the influence of “losses disguised as wins” on decision making and motivation in rats. Behavioral Pharmacology, 2018, 29(8):732-744. doi: 10.1097/FBP.0000000000000455.

Cherkasova M, Clark L, Barton J, Schulzer M, Shafiee N, Kingstone A, Stoessl AJ, Winstanley CA. Win-concurrent sensory cues can promote riskier choice. Journal of Neuroscience 2018, 38:10362-10370. doi: download

Clark L, Goudriaan A. The neuroscience and neuropsychology of gambling and gambling addiction: an introduction to the special issue. International Gambling Studies, 2018, 18: 173-177. download

Devos G, Clark L, Maurage P, Billieux J. Induced sadness increases persistence in a simulated slot machine task among recreational gamblers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2018, 32(3): 383-388. Doi: 10.1037/adb0000364

Wu Y, Clark L, Zilioli S, Eisenegger C, Gillan CM, Deng H, Li H. Single dose testosterone administration modulates emotional reactivity and counterfactual choice in healthy males. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018, 90:127-133. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.02.018.

Wu Y, Sescousse G, Yu H, Clark L, Li H. Cognitive distortions and gambling near-misses in Internet Gaming Disorder: A preliminary study. PlosOne, 2018, 13(1):e0191110. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191110

Chu SWM, Limbrick-Oldfield E, Murch WS, Clark L. Why do slot machine gamblers use stopping devices? Findings from a ‘Casino Lab’ experiment. International Gambling Studies, 2018, 18: 310-326. doi: 10.1080/14459795.2017.1413125 download Covered in GREO Research Snapshot

Wu Y, Eisenegger C, Sivanathan N, Crockett MJ, Clark L The role of social status and testosterone in human conspicuous consumption. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7: 11803.

Murch WS, Chu SW, Clark L Measuring the slot machine zone with attentional dual tasks and respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2017, 31: 375-384. download

Limbrick-Oldfield E, Mick I, Cocks RE, McGonigle J, Sharman S, Goldstone AP, Stokes PRA, Waldman A, Erritzoe D, Bowden-Jones H, Nutt D, Lingford-Hughes A, & Clark, L. Neural substrates of cue reactivity and craving in Gambling Disorder. Translational Psychiatry, 2017, 7(1):e992. download Covered in the WAGER, Harvard Division on Addictions

Tobias-Webb J, Limbrick-Oldfield E, Gillan C, Moore J, Aitken MRF, Clark L. “Let me take the wheel”: illusory control and sense of agency. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2017, 70: 1732-1746. download Covered in GREO Research Snapshot

Vlaev I, Clark L, Muller U, Robbins TW, Crockett MJ. Serotonin enhances the impact of health information on food choice. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 2017, 17: 543-553.

Wu Y, Blue PR, Clark L. Winning a competition predicts dishonest behavior (Commentary). Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2017, 11:417.

Wu Y, van Dijk E, Aitken MRF, Clark L. On the counterfactual nature of near-misses: an experimental study. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2017, 30: 855-868. Doi: 10.1002/bdm.2010

Wu Y, Eisenegger C, Zilioli S, Watson NV, Clark L. Comparison of clear and narrow outcomes on testosterone levels in social competition. Hormones and Behavior, 2017, 92: 51-56.

Yücel M, Carter A, Allen A, Balliene B, Clark L, Dowling N, Gainsbury S, Goudriaan A, Grant J, Hayes A, Hodgins D, van Holst R, Lattimore R, Livingstone C, Lorenzetti V, Lubman D, Murawski C, Parkes L, Petry N, Room R, Singh B, Thomas A, Townshend P, Youssef G, Hall W. The role for neuroscience in gambling policy and treatment: An interdisciplinary perspective. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2017, 4: 501-506.

Clark L. Decision-making in gambling disorder: understanding behavioural addictions. In: Dreher JC & Tremblay L. Decision Neuroscience: an Integrative Perspective. Elsevier, 2016.

Mick I, Ramos A, Myers J, Stokes PR, Chandrasekera S, Erritzoe D, Mendez M, Gunn R, Rabiner I, Searle G, Galduróz JC, Waldman A, Bowden-Jones H, Clark L, Nutt D, Lingford-Hughes A. Evidence for GABA-A receptor dysregulation in gambling disorder: correlation with impulsivity. Addiction Biology 2017, 22: 1601-1609. Doi: 10.1111/adb.12457

Sescousse G, Janssen LK, Hashemi MM, Timmer MHM, Geurts DEM, ter Huurne NP, Clark L, Cools R. Amplified striatal responses to near-miss outcomes in pathological gamblers. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2016, 41: 2614-23. doi:10.1038/npp.2016.43

Wu Y, Liu J, Qu L, Eisenegger C, Clark L, Zhou X. Single dose testosterone administration reduces loss chasing in healthy females. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2016, 71: 54-57.

Sharman S, Dreyer J, Clark L, & Bowden-Jones H. Down and out in London: addictive behaviours in homelessness. Journal of Behavioural Addictions, 2016, 5: 319-326. Covered in the WAGER (Harvard Division on Addiction, vol 22 (14)

Studer B, Scheibehenne B, Clark L. Psychophysiological arousal and inter- and intra-individual differences in risk-sensitive decision-making. Psychophysiology, 2016, 53: 940-950. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12627

Sharman S, Clark L. Mixed emotions to near-miss outcomes: a psychophysiological study with facial electromyography. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2016, 32, 823-834. DOI: 10.1007/s10899-015-9578-2

Winstanley CA, Clark L. Translational models of gambling-related decision making. In: Translational Neuropsychopharmacology, ed. Robbins TW & Sahakian BJ. Current Topics in Behavioural Neuroscience, 2016, 28:93-120.

Silveira MM, Murch WS, Clark L & Winstanley CA. Chronic atomoxetine treatment during adolescence does not influence decision-making on a rodent gambling task, but does modulate amphetamine’s effect on impulsive action in adulthood. Behavioral Pharmacology, 2016, 27, 350-363.

Brevers D, Noel X, Clark L, Zyuzin J, Park JJ, Bechara A. The impact of precommitment on risk-taking while gambling: A preliminary study. Journal of Behavioural Addictions 2016, 5: 51-58

Cocker PJ, Hosking JG, Murch WS, Clark L & Winstanley CA. Activation of dopamine D4 receptors within the anterior cingulate cortex enhances the erroneous expectation of reward on a rat slot machine task. Neuropharmacology 2016, 105: 186-195.

Segarra N, Metastasio A, Ziauddeen H, Spencer J, Reinders NR, Dudas RB, Arrondo G, Robbins TW, Clark L, Fletcher PC, Murray GK. Abnormal frontostriatal activity during unexpected reward receipt in depression and schizophrenia: relationship to anhedonia. Neuropsychopharmacology 2016, 41: 2001-2010. doi: 10.1038/npp.2015.370

Wu Y, van Dijk E, Aitken MRF, Clark L. Missed losses loom larger than missed gains: Electrodermal reactivity to decision choices and outcomes in a gambling task. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 2016, 16: 353-61 .

Devos G, Clark L, Maurage P, Billieux J. Reduced inhibitory control predicts persistence in laboratory slot machine gambling. International Gambling Studies, 2015, 15: 408-421

Murch WS, Clark L. Games on the brain: Neural substrates of gambling addiction. The Neuroscientist 2016, 22: 534-545. DOI: 10.1177/1073858415591474

Mick I, Myers J, Ramos AC, Stokes PR, Erritzoe D, Colasanti A, Gunn RN, Rabiner I, Searle G, Waldman A, Parkin MC, Brailsford AD, Galduroz JCF, Bowden-Jones H, Clark L, Nutt DJ, Lingford-Hughes AR. Blunted endogenous opioid release following an oral amphetamine challenge in pathological gamblers. Neuropsychopharmacology 2016, 41: 1742-50. doi: 10.1038/npp.2015.340

Clark L, Bechara A. Isolating the role of the insula in drug cravings (commentary on Abdolahi et al 2015). Addiction 2015, 110: 2004-2005.

Chu SW, Clark L. Cognitive and neurobiological aspects of problem gambling: relevance to treatment. Canadian Journal of Addiction 2015, 6: 62-71

Clark L. From impulsivity to addiction: Gambling Disorder and beyond. Psychiatric Times 2015, 32: 24-25.

Sharman S, Aitken MRF, Clark L. Dual effects of ’losses disguised as wins’ and near-misses in a slot machine game. International Gambling Studies, 2015, 15: 212-223. DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2015.1020959

Contreras-Rodríguez O, Albein-Urios N, Vilar-López R, Perales JC, Martínez-Gonzalez JM, Fernández-Serrano MJ, Lozano-Rojas O, Clark L, Verdejo-García A. Increased corticolimbic connectivity in cocaine dependence versus pathological gambling is associated with drug severity and emotion-related impulsivity. Addiction Biology, 2015 DOI: 10.1111/adb.12242.

Clark L. Commentary on Cassidy, ‘Fair Game? Producing and publishing gambling research’. International Gambling Studies, 2015, 15: 10-11. DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2014.997269

Clark L. Commentary on Billieux et al ‘Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research’ Journal of Behavioral Addictions 2015, 4, 132–134. DOI: 10.1556/2006.4.2015.014

Wu Y, van Dijk E, Clark L. Near-wins and near-losses in gambling: a behavioral and facial EMG study. Psychophysiology 2015, 52: 359-66 .

Wu Y, Clark L. Disappointment and regret enhance corrugator reactivity in a gambling task. Psychophysiology 2015, 52: 518-523.

Studer B, Limbrick-Oldfield E, Clark L. “Put your money where your mouth is!” Effects of streaks on confidence and betting in a binary choice task. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2015, 28: 239-249. DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1844.

Verdejo-Garcia A, Clark L, Verdejo-Román J, Albein-Urios N, Martinez-Gonzalez JM, Gutierrez B, Soriano-Mas C. Neural substrates of cognitive flexibility in cocaine and gambling addictions. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2015, 207: 158-164. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.152223.

Hamilton KR, Littlefield AK, Anastasio NC, Cunningham KA, Fink LH, Wing VC, Mathias CW, Lane SD, Schutz C, Swann AC, Lejuez CW, Clark L, Moeller FG, Potenza MP. Rapid-Response Impulsivity: Definitions, Measurement Issues, and Clinical Implications. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment 2015, 6: 168-181. DOI:10.1037/per0000100

Robbins TW, Clark L. Behavioral addictions. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 2015, 30: 66-72.

Studer B, Manes FM, Humphreys G, Robbins TW, Clark L. Risk-sensitive decision-making in patients with posterior parietal and ventromedial prefrontal cortex injury. Cerebral Cortex, 2015, 25: 1-9.

Tobias-Webb J, Clark L. Gambling: Pathological Decision-Making. Encyclopedia of the Life Sciences (eLS) 2015, 1–8. DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0025788.

Clark L. Disordered gambling: the evolving concept of behavioural addiction. Annals of the New York Academy of Science (Addiction Reviews) 2014, 1327: 46-61.

Clark L, Sharman S. Understanding the abuse liability of modern EGMs (Commentary on Dixon et al, 2014). Addiction 2014, 109: 1929-1930.

Van Holst R, Chase H, Clark L. Striatal connectivity changes following gambling wins and near-misses: associations with gambling severity. NeuroImage: Clinical, 2014, 5: 232-239.

Van Holst R, Clark L, Veltman DJ, van den Brink W, Goudriaan AE. Enhanced striatal responses during expectancy coding in alcohol dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2014: 142: 204-208.

Clark L, Studer B, Bruss J, Tranel D, Bechara A. Damage to insula abolishes cognitive distortions during simulated gambling. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 2014, 111: 6098-6103.
Mick I, Myers J, Stokes PR, Erritzoe D, Colasanti A, Bowden-Jones H, Clark L, Gunn RN, Rabiner I, Searle G, Waldman A, Parkin MC, Brailsford AD, Nutt DJ, Lingford-Hughes AR. Amphetamine induced endogenous opioid release in the human brain detected with [11C]carfentanil PET: Replication in an independent cohort. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 2014, 17: 2069-2074.
Sharman, Dreher J, Aitken M, Clark L, Bowden-Jones H. Rates of problematic gambling in a British homeless sample: a preliminary study. Journal of Gambling Studies 2015, 31: 525-32DOI: 10.1007/s10899-014-9444-7.

[Sharman, Aitken M, Clark L: Reply to Griffiths: the relationship between gambling and homelessness, Journal of Gambling Studies 2015, 31: 1257-9 DOI 10.1007/s10899-014-9508-8]

Stankovic A, Fairchild G, Aitken MRF, Clark L. Effects of Psychosocial Stress on Psychophysiological Activity During Risky Decision-Making in Male Adolescents. International Journal of Psychophysiology 2014, 93: 22-29.

Clark L, Averbeck B, Payer D, Sescousse G, Winstanley CA, Xue G. Pathological choice: the neuroscience of gambling and gambling addiction. Journal of Neuroscience 2013, 33: 17617-17623.

Clark L, Limbrick-Oldfield EH. Disordered gambling: a behavioural addiction. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 2013, 23: 655-659.

Clark L, Liu R, McKavanagh R, Garrett A, Dunn BD, Aitken MRF. Learning from near-miss outcomes in simulated gambling. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2013, 26: 442-450.

Porchet RI, Boekhoudt L, Studer B, Gandamaneni PK, Rani N, Binnamangala S, Müller U, Clark L. Opioidergic and dopaminergic manipulation of gambling tendencies: a preliminary study in male recreational gamblers. Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience, 2013 7: 138.

Limbrick-Oldfield EH, van Holst R, Clark L. Fronto-striatal dysregulation in drug addiction and pathological gambling: consistent inconsistencies? NeuroImage: Clinical 2013, 2: 385-393

Crockett MJ, Braams BR, Clark L, Tobler PN, Robbins TW, Kalenscher T. Restricting temptations: neural mechanisms of precommitment. Neuron 2013, 79: 391-401.

Dombrovski AY, Szanto K, Clark L, Reynolds CF, Siegel G. Reward signals in late-life depression and attempted suicide. JAMA Psychiatry 2013, 70: 1020-1030.

Clark L, Stokes PR, Wu K, Michalczuk R, Benecke A, Watson BJ, Egerton A, Piccini P, Nutt DJ, Bowden-Jones H, Lingford-Hughes AR. Striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor binding in pathological gambling is correlated with mood-related impulsivity. NeuroImage, 2012, 63: 40-46.

Clark L, Li R, Wright CM, Rome F, Fairchild G, Dunn BD, Aitken MRF. Risk-avoidant decision-making induced by threat of electric shock. Psychophysiology, 2012, 49: 1436-1443.

Clark L, Crooks B, Clarke R, Aitken MRF, Dunn BD. Physiological responses to near-miss outcomes and personal control during simulated gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2012, 28: 123-137.

Studer B, Apergis-Schoute A, Robbins TW, Clark L. What are the odds? The neural correlates of active choice during gambling. Frontiers in Neuroscience (Decision Neuroscience) 2012, 6: 46.

Billieux J, van der Linden M, Khazaal Y, Zullino D, Clark L. Trait gambling cognitions predict near-miss experiences and persistence in laboratory slot machine gambling. British Journal of Psychology 2012, 103: 412-427.

Dunn BD, Evans D, Makarova D, White J, Clark L. Gut feelings and the reaction to perceived inequity: The interplay between bodily responses, regulation and perception shapes the rejection of unfair offers on the Ultimatum Game. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 2012, 12: 419-429. [Psychonomic Society Prize for best paper in CABN, 2012]

Chase H, Clark L. Gambling severity predicts midbrain response to near-miss outcomes. Journal of Neuroscience 2010, 30: 6180-6187.

Clark L, Lawrence AJ, Astley-Jones F, Gray N. Gambling near-misses enhance motivation to gamble and recruit win-related brain circuitry. Neuron 2009, 61: 481-490.